Indirect mapping of forest degradation is based on the elimination of intact areas, rather than direct mapping of degraded forests (GOFC-GOLD 2013). One such approach, applied globally using Landsat data, is the Intact Forest Landscape (IFL) product (Potapov et al 2008). Hinterland forest product presented here is an intermediate layer which complements the IFL concept through the implementation of a defined disturbance interval, in this case the twelve year forest loss record of Hansen et al. (2013). Hinterland forests are defined as forest patches absent of and removed from disturbance in near-term history. Forest is defined here as tree cover taller than 5m with canopy cover >=25% according to the product of Hansen et al. (2013). Criteria for the differentiation of hinterland forests are: a) distance from recent stand-replacement disturbance (>1 km); b) minimum forest patch size (100km2); c) connectivity of hinterland forest parches (minimum corridor width: 2 km); d) interval of extant forest (12 years). Hinterland forests are thematically different from the IFL which include both forests and non-forest ecosystems (Potapov et al 2008).

For questions and additional data requests please contact Alexandra Tyukavina

Please, use the following credit when the provided data are cited: Tyukavina, A., Hansen, M. C., Potapov, P. V., Krylov, A. M., & Goetz, S. J. (2015) Panā€tropical hinterland forests: mapping minimally disturbed forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography

Link to download 2013 hinterland forest layer: [42 Mb]


  1. GOFC-GOLD 2013 A sourcebook of methods and procedures for monitoring and reporting anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and removals associated with deforestation, gains and losses of carbon stocks in forests remaining forests, and forestation. GOFC-GOLD Report versio (GOFC-GOLD Land Cover Project Office, Wageningen University, The Netherlands)
  2. Hansen M.C. et al. 2013 High-resolution global maps of 21-st century forest cover change Science 342 850-3
  3. Potapov P.V. et al. 2008 Mapping the world's Intact Forest Landscapes by remote sensing. Ecology and Society 13 51